New concepts in the treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma

Sidali S, Trépo E, Sutter O, Nault JC.


Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the third most common cause of cancer-related death and occurs mainly in the context of chronic liver disease at cirrhosis stage. The Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer classification, first established in 1999, is the most commonly used staging system for HCC in Western countries that link tumor burden, liver function and performance status with prognosis and therapeutic management. Since the first publication of this classification, it has been implemented in several clinical guidelines and recent major therapeutic advances in the management of HCC have modified the therapeutic landscape of HCC. Accordingly, an updated version was recently published in 2022, incorporating an expert clinical decision-making component and the concept of treatment stage migration. This update also introduces the positive results of recent randomized clinical trials, and introduces atezolizumab/bevacizumab (A/B) as a first-line combination regimen for patients with advanced HCC. Finally, the complexity of the management of patients with HCC highlights the need for a multidisciplinary approach including input from hepatology, surgery, radiology, medical oncology, and radiation oncology

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